Forklift Operator Safety

Prerequisites: This course shall have no formal pre-requisite.

Course Length: 3-4 hours – Course length shall vary depending on the number of delegates. Total course time includes breaks.

Class Size: The maximum number of delegates that may be trained and tested per instructor shall be thirty-five (35) in the classroom session and thirty-five (35) in the practical session.

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Course Objective

  • Provide delegates assigned to operate industrial Forklift/Lift Truck the necessary skills to safely perform their jobs.
  • Provide delegates with recommended practices and guidelines to perform safely while working with Forklift/Lift Trucks.
  • Delegates should be able to demonstrate the necessary skills during practical examination and demonstrate knowledge during written examination.

Course Design

  • Power Point© / Lecture / Audio Video / Visual Aids
  • Practical Exercises

Successful Course Completion

  • Requires a minimum score of 75% or better.
  • Grades shall be calculated by dividing the number of questions answered correctly by the total number of exam questions.
  • Delegates will have no more than thirty (30) minutes to complete the exam.
  • Successful completion of practical session is mandatory.

Course Content Summary

  • Classroom
  • Practicals

Breaks: 10 minutes (approximately every hour)

Lunch: 1 Hour (if applicable)

Course Outline
About Forklifts

  • Why is Training Necessary?
  • Regulation – OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178
  • Purpose of Training
  • OSHA Statistics
  • Types of Forklifts
    • Diesel
    • Gasoline
    • Liquid Propane
    • Electric
  • Lift Truck Characteristics
  • Major Components
  • Gauges/Instruments

Forklift Inspection

  • Pre-Use/Daily Inspection
  • Safety Equipment
  • Operational Equipment
  • Operator Responsibilities

Forklift Capacity

  • Forklift Physics
    • Teeter-Totter Principle
  • Stability Triangle
    • Center of Gravity
  • Forward Tipping
  • Side Tipping
  • Data Plate
  • Inch Pound Equation
    • With Example
  • Load Position
  • Multiple Load Position
  • Boom Angles (Boom Type Forklifts)

Forklift Operations

  • Basic Operational Items
    • Steering Wheel
    • Pedals
    • Directional Controls
    • Horn o Parking Brake
  • Rear Wheel Steering
    • Turning Arc
    • Turning Radius
  • Tire Types
  • Hydraulic Lift Controls
  • Lift System Components
  • Control Movement
    • Feathering Technique
  • Forklift Travel
  • Carrying Loads
  • Carrying Large Loads
  • Traveling on Inclines/Declines
  • Traveling Surfaces
    • Gravel, Sand, Mud, Dirt, Tracks, etc…
  • Loading Docks
  • Loading/Unloading Trailers
  • Forklift Parking

Forklift Safety

  • Operator Safety
    • Safety features to guard against a roll over
      • Seat Belt, Overhead Guard, etc…
  • General Safety
    • Do’s and Don’ts
    • Alarms
    • Warning Lights
  • Forklift Refueling/Recharging
    • Gasoline/Diesel Refueling Procedures
    • Propane Refueling Procedures
    • Battery Recharging
    • Changing Batteries

Practical Session
Practical training shall utilize a Forklift/Lift Truck similar to the type the employee will operate.

Practical shall verify the following:

  • Select and wear appropriate PPE during practical training
  • Conduct proper pre-use inspection of forklift and equipment
  • Demonstrate ability to remove the forklift out of service if it is unsafe to operate
  • Controls the forklift using smooth starts & stops
  • Show ability to react to unusual or emergency situations
  • Move material in a safe and controlled manner
  • Travel at adequate speeds with load as low as possible
  • Remain aware of surroundings and other workers while operating forklift
  • Demonstrate knowledge of safe parking
  • Set parking brake before exiting the forklift
  • Turn power off and remove the key before exiting forklift

Training Center Provided Material

  • Course Materials
  • PPE

Delegate Requirements

  • PPE
  • Onsite Forklift/Lift Truck

Reference Material / Documents
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.178

  • Course ID #: MA032


Apr 22 2024


7:30 am