Crane Operator Safety – Crawler
Prerequisites: This course shall have no formal pre-requisite. The individual should have no history of a disabling medical condition, which may be sufficient reason for disqualification.
Course Length: 5-6 hours – Course length shall vary depending on the number of delegates. Total course time includes breaks.
Class Size: The maximum number of delegates that may be trained and tested per instructor shall be thirty-five (35) in the classroom session and twenty (20) in the practical session. A second instructor shall be added for the practical session once the participation exceeds twenty (20) and exercises will be divided into groups.
- Provide delegates assigned to crawler crane duties the necessary skills to safely perform their jobs.
- Provide delegates with recommended practices and guidelines to perform safely while working with crawler cranes.
- Delegates should be able to demonstrate the necessary skills during practical examination and demonstrate knowledge during written examination.
- Power Point© / Lecture / Audio Video / Visual Aids
- Practical Exercises
Successful Course Completion
- Requires a minimum score of 75% or better.
- Delegates will have no more than thirty (30) minutes to complete the exam.
- Grades shall be calculated by dividing the number of questions answered correctly by the total number of exam questions.
- Successful completion of practical session is mandatory.
Course Content Summary
Breaks: 10 minutes (approximately every hour)
Lunch: 1 Hour (if applicable)
- Crawler Crane
- Competent Person
- Qualified Person
- Qualified Crane Operator
- Qualified Inspector
- Qualified Rigger
- Video – “Basic Rigging Concepts”
- Body of Crane
- Boom Types
- Boom Components
- Head Sheave Assembly
- Structural Integrity
- Boom Bolts
- Pin Connectors
- Back Stops
- Common Safety Limit Devices
- Boom-hoist limit
- Load hoist limits
- Boom stops
- All locking devices
- Anti-two block devices
- Hoist Equipment
- Main/Auxiliary Hoist
- Hoist Lifting Capacity
- Wedge sockets
- Video – Drums, Blocks, Sheaves, and Wire Rope
- Inspection Categories
- Inspection categories
- Each Shift
- Maintenance Procedures
- Wire Rope Construction/Handling
- Loading Wire Rope on Crane Drum
- Wire Rope Inspection/Replacement Guidelines
- Sheave Inspection
- Lift Capacity
- Boom Angles
- Load Radius
- Load Charts
- Swing Control
- Swing Brake and Locking Device
- Power Plant Control
- Control Forces and Movements
- Engine Clutch
- Lift Capacity Chart and Examples
- Boom Deflection
- Load Limiting Factors
- Power Line Safety
- Power Line Safety (up to 350 kV) —Assembly and Disassembly
- Power Line Safety (up to 350 kV) —Equipment Operations
- Table A—Minimum Clearance Distances
- Power Line Safety (all voltages) — Equipment Operations Closer Than the Table A Zone
- Crane/Rigging Lift Plan
- Personal Protective Equipment
- Ground Support
- Areas of Operation
- Position of the Load
- Cranes in Motion
- Load Weight
- Signal Person
Practical training shall utilize a crawler crane, various slings, loads & rigging techniques.
Practical shall verify the following:
- Select and wear appropriate PPE during practical training
- Select the appropriate hardware/rigging gear to complete required lifts
- Conduct proper pre-use inspection of crane and rigging gear
- Effectively control the crawler crane operations and use operating indicators
- Accelerate, decelerate, and swing crawler crane in a smooth safe manner
- Verify the load is not swinging prior to landing the load
- Respond to standardized hand signals from signal person
- Keep the hook clear of riggers while the slings are disconnected
- Verify slings are properly connected/free before continuing operation
- Ensure overall safety of the rigging team during crane operations
- Place the hook in a bucket (verify depth position)
- Store hardware/rigging gear properly following its use
Training Center Provided Material
- Must possess good physical health as the practical training is physical demanding.
- Must provide a Crawler Crane
- Rigging Gear (if onsite)
Reference Material / Documents
OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart CC: Cranes and Derricks in Construction
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.180: Crawler Locomotive and Truck Cranes
ASME B30.5: Mobile and Locomotive Cranes
- Course ID #: MA018