Crane Operator Safety – Crawler

Prerequisites: This course shall have no formal pre-requisite. The individual should have no history of a disabling medical condition, which may be sufficient reason for disqualification.

Course Length: 5-6 hours – Course length shall vary depending on the number of delegates. Total course time includes breaks.

Class Size: The maximum number of delegates that may be trained and tested per instructor shall be thirty-five (35) in the classroom session and twenty (20) in the practical session. A second instructor shall be added for the practical session once the participation exceeds twenty (20) and exercises will be divided into groups.

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Course Objective

  • Provide delegates assigned to crawler crane duties the necessary skills to safely perform their jobs.
  • Provide delegates with recommended practices and guidelines to perform safely while working with crawler cranes.
  • Delegates should be able to demonstrate the necessary skills during practical examination and demonstrate knowledge during written examination.

Course Design

  • Power Point© / Lecture / Audio Video / Visual Aids
  • Demonstrations
  • Practical Exercises

Successful Course Completion

  • Requires a minimum score of 75% or better.
  •  Delegates will have no more than thirty (30)  minutes to complete the exam.
  • Grades shall be calculated by dividing the number of questions answered correctly by the total number of exam questions.
  • Successful completion of practical session is mandatory.

Course Content Summary

  • Classroom
  • Practicals

Breaks: 10 minutes (approximately every hour)

Lunch: 1 Hour (if applicable)

Course Outline
Crane Requirements

  • Definitions
    • Crawler Crane
    • Competent Person
    • Qualified Person
    • Qualified Crane Operator
    • Qualified Inspector
    • Qualified Rigger
  • Video – “Basic Rigging Concepts”

Crane Components

  • Body of Crane
  • Boom Types
    • Lattice
    • Box
  • Boom Components
    • Boom/Jib
    • Head Sheave Assembly
    • Structural Integrity
      • Boom Bolts
      • Pin Connectors
    • Pendants
    • Back Stops
    • Common Safety Limit Devices
      • Boom-hoist limit
      • Load hoist limits
      • Boom stops
      • All locking devices
      • Anti-two block devices
    • Hoist Equipment
      • Main/Auxiliary Hoist
      • Blocks/Hooks
      • Hoist Lifting Capacity
      • Wedge sockets
  • Video – Drums, Blocks, Sheaves, and Wire Rope

Crane Inspection

  • Inspection Categories
    • Frequent
    • Periodic
  • Inspection categories
    • Each Shift
    • Monthly
    • Annual
    • Record-keeping

Crane Maintenance

  • Maintenance Procedures
  • Wire Rope Construction/Handling
  • Loading Wire Rope on Crane Drum
  • Wire Rope Inspection/Replacement Guidelines
  • Sheave Inspection

Crane Operations

  • Lift Capacity
  • Boom Angles
  • Load Radius
  • Load Charts
  • Swing Control
  • Swing Brake and Locking Device
  • General
  • Power Plant Control
  • Control Forces and Movements
  • Engine Clutch
  • Resistors
  • Switches
  • Lift Capacity Chart and Examples
  • Boom Deflection

Crane Safety

  • Load Limiting Factors
  • Power Line Safety
    • Power Line Safety (up to 350 kV) —Assembly and Disassembly
    • Power Line Safety (up to 350 kV) —Equipment Operations
    • Table A—Minimum Clearance Distances
    • Power Line Safety (all voltages) — Equipment Operations Closer Than the Table A Zone
  • Crane/Rigging Lift Plan
  • Personal Protective Equipment
  • Accidents
  • Access
  • Ground Support
  • Leveling
  • Clearance/Barricades
  • Areas of Operation
  • Position of the Load
  • Cranes in Motion
  • Two-Blocking
  • Wind
  • Load Weight
  • Stability
  • Signal Person

Hand Signals

Practical Session
Practical training shall utilize a crawler crane, various slings, loads & rigging techniques.
Practical shall verify the following:

  • Select and wear appropriate PPE during practical training
  • Select the appropriate hardware/rigging gear to complete required lifts
  • Conduct proper pre-use inspection of crane and rigging gear
  • Effectively control the crawler crane operations and use operating indicators
  • Accelerate, decelerate, and swing crawler crane in a smooth safe manner
  • Verify the load is not swinging prior to landing the load
  • Respond to standardized hand signals from signal person
  • Keep the hook clear of riggers while the slings are disconnected
  • Verify slings are properly connected/free before continuing operation
  • Ensure overall safety of the rigging team during crane operations
  • Place the hook in a bucket (verify depth position)
  • Store hardware/rigging gear properly following its use

Training Center Provided Material

  • PPE

Delegate Requirements

  • Must possess good physical health as the practical training is physical demanding.
  • Must provide a Crawler Crane
  • Rigging Gear (if onsite)

Reference Material / Documents
OSHA 29 CFR 1926 Subpart CC: Cranes and Derricks in Construction
OSHA 29 CFR 1910.180: Crawler Locomotive and Truck Cranes
ASME B30.5: Mobile and Locomotive Cranes

  • Course ID #: MA018


May 24 2024


7:30 am