NORM Worker

Prerequisites: This course shall have no formal pre-requisite.

Course Length: 4 hours – Course length shall vary depending on the number of delegates. Total course time includes breaks.

Class Size: The maximum number of delegates that may be trained and tested per instructor shall be thirty-five (35) in the classroom session.

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Course Objective

  • Provide delegates assigned to work with or around NORM the necessary skills to safely perform their jobs.
  • Provide delegates with recommended practices and guidelines to perform safely while working with NORM.
  • Delegates should be able to demonstrate knowledge during a written examination.

Course Design

  • Power Point© / Lecture / Audio Video / Visual Aids

Successful Course Completion

  • Requires a minimum score of 75% or better.
  • Grades shall be calculated by dividing the number of questions answered correctly by the total number of exam questions.
  • Delegates will have no more than thirty (30) minutes to complete the exam.

Course Content Summary

  • Classroom

Breaks: 10 minutes (approximately every hour)

Lunch: 1 Hour

Course Outline
About NORM

  • What is NORM?
  • Review Regulations

About Radioactivity

  • Natural Sources of NORM
  • Understanding Radioactivity
  • Understanding Atoms

Radiation

  • What is radiation?
  • Types of Ionizing Radiation
    • Alpha Particles
    • Beta Particles
    • Gamma Radiation
  • Penetrating Power of Different Ionizing Radiation
  • Periodic Table Groups
    • Review Periodic Table of Elements
    • Ionizing of Matter
  • Sources of Radiation
    • Natural
      • Discuss examples
    • Artificial
      • Discuss examples

NORM in the Workplace

  • Oil & Gas Industry
  • NORM within Oil & Gas Production Facilities
    • How Radium Flows
  • The Accumulation of Radioactive Materials
  • Radon Gas
    • How Radon Gas Flows
  • Technologically Enhanced NORM (TENORM)

Radiation & Contamination

  • Modifying Units of Measure
    • Milli
    • Micro
    • Nano
    • Pico
  • Measurement Terms for NORM Detection
    • Roentgen
    • Roentgen Equivalent Man (REM)
    • Roentgen Absorbed Dose (RAD)
    • Curie
    • Mico-Roentgen Per Hour
    • Counts Per Minute (CPM)
  • Radioactive Contamination
    • Loose Contamination
    • Fixed Contamination

Hazards of Contamination

  • Large Dose of Radiation (Acute)
    • General Effects of Body
    • Legal Limits
    • General Radiation Exposure Effects
      • 0-50 REM
      • 80-120 REM
      • 130-170 REM
      • 180-122 REM
      • 270-330 REM
      • 5,000 REM
  • Contamination Theories
    • Linear Dose Effect Theory
    • Threshold Dose Effect Theory
  • Health Effects of NORM Exposure
  • Internal Contamination Effects
  • Common Methods of Exposure
  • Other Radiation Risks

Worker Protection

  • Review Safe Work Practices

Signs & Labels

  • Postings in NORM Areas
    • Restricted Areas
    • Radiation Areas
    • Stored Material Areas
    • Airborne Radiation Areas
    • High Radiation Areas
  • NORM Container Markings
  • “Notice to Employees” Document

NORM Detection

  • Reliable Detection & Measurement of NORM
    • NORM Meters
      • Probe Attachment
      • Pancake Attachment
    • Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dosimeters
  • Establishing Safe Work Boundaries
  • NORM Radiation Surveys
  • Record Keeping
  • Recommended NORM Site Documents

Personal Protective Equipment

  • Discuss Common PPE
    • Gloves
    • Respirators
    • Safety Glasses/Face Shields
    • Coveralls/Disposable Clothing
    • Rubber Boots
    • Hard Hats
  • Discuss Techniques:
    • Proper Fit
    • Condition
    • Nature of Work
    • Donning PPE
    • Removing PPE (Potentially Contaminated)

Decontamination

  • Decontamination Procedures
  • Decontamination Concepts

Emergency Response Procedures

  • NORM Spill Emergency
  • Injured Worker
  • Fires & Explosions

Practical Session

  • None

Training Center Provided Material

  • Course Materials
  • NORM Meter

Delegate Requirements

  • None

Reference Material / Documents
Department of Transportation (DOT)

  • 49 CFR 173 – General Shipping Requirements

Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ)
Implementation Manual for Management of NORM in Louisiana
Radiation Protection Division

  • Course ID #: MA056

Date

Apr 23 2021

Time

7:30 am

Cost

$100.00
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